The Algonquians were traditionally Patrilineal. In other words, relationships were established through the father. When a couple marries, the woman tended to join her husband’s family and live with them.

Men’s tasks

The main task of men was to make sure there was enough food for the entire band. It was the men who did the hunting and fishing. Men were also responsible for trading with other bands and nations. When the Algonquians were at war, the men did the fighting. When the band moved, the men carried almost nothing. Instead, they kept their weapons on hand so that they could hunt any game they might encounter along the way.

Author: Alexandre Lanoix

Important concepts & Big ideas

Patrilineal society – Société paritaire
Division of labour – Division du travail
Resources – Ressources
Rich in resources – Riche en ressources
Warfare – la guerre
Social Structure – Structure sociale
Nomad – Nomad
Trade Network – réseau de échanges

Connect the Facts Game

Cards for this page: 

Man head of family
Men’s roles – warriors
Men’s roles- hunters, fishers

La société patrilinéaire
Les rôles des hommes – les guerriers
Les rôles des hommes – chasseurs, pêcheurs



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