1749, Pehr Kalm, Swedish naturalist:


“Québec, the largest town in Canada […] The city is divided into upper and lower town…

Most merchants live in the lower town, where homes are packed one against the other. The streets are narrow, rough and almost always wet. There is a church and a small market in this part of the city.

The upper town is inhabited by people of quality, officials, negotiators, and others. It is home to the city’s main buildings […] It offers a splendid view of the city and the St. Lawrence River.”


Author: Pehr Kalm