A habitation is a place of residence like a house, or simply a place in which to live.  It is also called a dwelling or an abode.

What is a longhouse?
The basic house type of northern Iroquoian peoples such as the Huron and Iroquois, the longhouse sheltered a number of families related through the female line. It was established throughout the Iroquoian area by the 12th century. They were 8 m wide but of variable length (one 94 m long was uncovered at the Moyer site in southern Ontario). Longhouses described by the early French explorers and by the Jesuit missionaries in the 17th century were somewhat shorter.  Source and more information: http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/longhouse/

What’s a Wigwam?
A wigwam was a type of house used mainly by Algonquian peoples but also other Indigenous peoples in the eastern half of North America in pre-colonial days (see Indigenous Peoples: Eastern Woodlands). Wigwams had a dome or cone shape and were typically made out of wood. Sometimes, animal hides would cover the outer walls of the structure. Wigwams were built for easy disassembling and reassembling so that hunting parties and traveling families could have shelter in their new location.  Source and more information: http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/wigwam/


Note: Habitat, refers to the natural environment of any living thing. For example, a place that is natural for the life and growth of an organism: like a tropical habitat.