Oral tradition, or oral lore, is a form of human communication wherein knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved and transmitted orally from one generation to another. (Wikipedia)

Oral history is an account of something passed down by word of mouth from one generation to another. Oral history is considered by some historians to be an unreliable source for the study of history. However, oral history is a valid methodological and theoretical way to explore history. Each time anyone reconstructs a memory, there are changes in the memory, but the core of the story may contain a grain of truth. (Encyclopedia.kids.net.au/page/or/Oral_tradition)

The cultures of First Nations and Inuit peoples are rooted in their oral tradition. An oral tradition is a culture’s collection of spoken words that have been handed down for generations. The words of the oral tradition are the inheritance of an entire cultural group. This tradition may include epic poems, prayers, speeches, spiritual teachings, songs, stories, and histories.

Tradition orale – Les traditions orales sont des éléments d’information culturelle qui sont transmis par le langage oral. Les contes sont une façon de transmettre les traditions.